Report
17 Feb 2020
36 views

Gender and MNCH: A Review of the Evidence

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Global
20 mins
4 downloads
Download the report
What you'll learn
Integrating gender and MNCH
  • Gender must be incorporated into maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) services
  • Includes examples of transformative approaches to address the structural norms that subject women to barriers to MNCH services
  • Further evidence is provided on the need to address the effect of norms on the healthcare sector, and how this serves as an obstacle for women both serving within and trying to access these MNCH resources
Gender impacts maternal and child health
Addressing the gaps
Many prior and current efforts focus on maternal and infant mortality outcomes, and while a great process has been made, gendered risk factors affect aspects of maternal and child health across one’s life course. Initiatives for certain populations like adolescents are sparse, as are gender-transformative programs for certain services such as post-partum family planning.
An elderly woman holds a baby in Indonesia.

By altering inequitable norms that shape and reinforce gender inequalities, transformative interventions have greater potential to catalyse sustainable shifts in behaviours and attitudes.

Key Takeaways
1
Adopt a life-course approach considering every stage of one's life
Adopt a life-course approach considering every stage of one's life
Gender plays an important role in MNCH services across one’s life course hence, mortality cannot be the only analysed outcome. In future MNCH planning, a life-course approach should be adopted, focusing on morbidity as well as mortality. Approaches should include participatory learning and aim to be gender-intentional, if not gender-transformative. Longitudinal measures resulting from these programs should also be collected, assessing more than just individual behavioural indicators.
2
Take a gender-transformative approach
Take a gender-transformative approach
MNCH programs should take a gender-transformative approach, to help tackle the structural issues that cascade to affect women’s access to, and outcomes in, MNCH.
3
Further evidence is needed to promote empowerment
Further evidence is needed to promote empowerment
Useful strategies may include participatory women’s groups and male engagement, but further evidence is needed to understand how to make these efforts empowering and gender transformative.
4
Apply a gender lens to health systems
Apply a gender lens to health systems
To best serve women within MNCH, a gender lens must be applied to the health system so that providers may provide optimal care and avoid attitudinal barriers against women receiving MNCH services.
5
Implement programmes targeted at adolescents
Implement programmes targeted at adolescents
There is a current lack of programming to serve adolescents, including both future mothers and fathers, which must be addressed.
A man holds and kisses his baby in Haiti.

    We would love to know
    How useful was this resource?
    Not at all
    1
    Very useful
    Could you tell us...
    What would make it more useful?
    We'll share it with them for you
    Who else would find this useful?
    + Add email here
    Next

    Toolkit
    10 Jul 2013
    29 views
    Addressing Gender and Women’s Empowerment in mHealth for MNCH
    Case Study
    25 Sep 2017
    30 views
    Changing times? Gender roles and relationships in maternal, newborn and child health in Malawi
    Toolkit
    10 Jun 2019
    30 views
    Promoting gender equality in sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health: Programming Guide
    Evidence Summary
    10 Jun 2017
    30 views
    State of the World’s Fathers: Latin America and the Caribbean