- An analytical framework for researchers and program implementers
Health information provided through mobile devices helps empower people and enables them to make better decisions about their health. However, there is an evident gender gap in the digital world that restrict the potential to assist women in receiving quality health services. mHealth interventions for maternal, newborn, children health (MNCH) should focus on addressing issues such as gender-based violence, the role of men and gatekeepers, and social and cultural norms through a gender lens.
mHealth has the potential to improve MNCH service access and outcomes, but digital gender gaps must be taken into consideration. The following analytical framework depicts four key areas in which gender gaps could arise, preventing women to access mHealth interventions related to MNCH. This analytical framework can be used to understand aspects of mHealth in which a gender lens is imperative. By applying this framework, gender- transformative programs can be designed, ultimately improving the availability and quality of MNCH services.
Women and children should not only be beneficiaries of mHealth projects but should be equal participants in the development and implementation of mHealth interventions.
A gender gap analysis must be conducted in mHealth interventions. Further evidence around mobile devices relationship with women empowerment and contribution to the desired MNCH outcomes must be collected.
Implement gender-transformative approaches when designing mHealth interventions and evaluate the impact of gender gaps.
Indicators measuring women’s empowerment and gender issues in mHealth interventions should be developed in order for mHealth interventions to address gender gaps in MNCH services.